LEOLEO: Literacy Education Online

MLA Audiovisual Media

Examples of how to document the most common types of audiovisual media are illustrated in this document. However, you might need to use a reference for a source which is not listed on this document.

In such a case, refer to The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (Sixth Edition, New York: Modern Language Association, 2003) or the MLA Style Guide to Scholarly Publishing (Second Edition, New York: Modern Language Association, 1998). Choose the example that is most like your source and follow that format.

Film or video recording

Clueless. Dir. Amy Heckerling. Perf. Alicia Silverstone, Paul Rudd, Wallace

Shawn, Brittany Murphy, and Justin Walker. 1995. DVD. Paramount, 1999.

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Music recording

Battle, Kathleen, and Christopher Parkening. Pleasures of Their Company.

EMI, 1986.

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A sound recording or sound clip online

Keillor, Garrison, Rhonda Vincent, Gillian Welch, and David Rawlings.

Archived Performance of a Prairie Home Companion. 3 Nov. 2001.

Minnesota Public Radio. 19 Mar. 2004.


Path: A Prairie Home Companion; Browse Audio Files and Listen; 2003.

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Television or radio program

Abramson, Larry. "Another Computer Age Nuisance: Spyware." All Things

Considered. 18 Mar. 2004. NPR. 18 Mar. 2004.



Star Trek Voyager. 30 Jan.1995. Los Angeles: Universal Television


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LEO: Literacy Education Online

This page was written by Kelly A. Larson and updated by Judith Kilborn for the Write Place, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota; it may be copied for educational purposes only. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writers; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers.

URL: http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/research/mlaavmedia.html

Updated: 19 March 2004