LEOLEO: Literacy Education Online

MLA Electronic Media


Examples of documentation for the most common types of electronic media are illustrated in this document.

However, you might need to use a reference for a source which is not listed on this web page. In such a case, refer to The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (Sixth Edition, New York: Modern Language Association, 2003) or the MLA Style Guide to Scholarly Publishing (Second Edition, New York: Modern Language Association, 1998). Choose the example that is most like your source and follow that format.

These examples use underlining (a remnant of typewriter technology) rather than italics. Either is correct.

 

 

 


 

Article from a Library Subscription Service

Fraser, Don, and Peter Down. "Video Violence Fuels Teen Aggression:

But Some Youth Say the Games Haven't Prompted Them to Get

into Fights." The Standard 19 Feb. 2004: A1. Academic Universe.

Lexis-Nexis. St. Cloud State U. Lib., St. Cloud, MN. 9 Apr. 2004

<http://80-web.lexis-nexis.com/universe>.

 

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Article from a Personal Subscription Service

"The Passion Revisited." Online with Father Paul. 8 Apr. 2004. America Online.

12 Apr. 2004. Keyword: Passion.

 

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Professional Website

IABC. Homepage. 2000. International Association of Business

Communicators. 13 Jan. 2001. <http://www.iabc.com/homepage.htm>.

 

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Home page

English. Dept. home page. St. Cloud State U. 7 Mar. 2004

<http://bulletin.stcloudstate.edu/departments/engl.asp>.

Collier & Son, 1909. Bartleby.com: Great Books Online. 2001. 5 Aug.

2001 <http://www.bartleby.com/36/1/>.

 

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Article from Conference Proceedings on a Website

Hjelsvold, Rune, and Subu Vdaygiri. "Web-based Personalization and

Management of Interactive Video." Proceedings of the Tenth

International World Wide Web Conference, 1–5 May 2001,

Hong Kong. WWW10. 19 July 2001 <http://www20.org/cdrom/

papers/405/index.html>.

 

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Online Book

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Trans. N. H. Thomson. New York: P.F.

Collier & Son, 1909. Bartleby.com: Great Books Online. 2001. 5 Aug.

2001 <http://www.bartleby.com/36/1/>.

 

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Article in an Online Journal


Wigand, Rolf T., and Robert I. Benjamin. "Electronic Commerce: Effects

on Electronic Markets." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication

1.3 (1995). 20 Nov. 2000 <http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol1/issue3/wigand.html>.

 

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Article in an Online Magazine


Schneider, Craig. "The Goodwill Games: How to Tackle FASB's New Merger Rules."

CFO.com 21 July 2001. 17 Oct. 2001 <http://www.cfo.com/ FASBguide>.

 

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Article in an Online Newsletter


Deus, Lucy, and Mark Maybury. " MITRE Evaluates Collaborative Tools for

Defense Information Infrastructure." The Edge: The MITRE Advanced

Technology Newsletter 2.1 (1998). 3 Aug. 1999 <http://www.mitre.org/

pubs/edge/june_98/>.

 

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Article in an Online Newspaper


Banerjee, Neela, and Andrew C. Revkin. "OPEC Leaders Indicate They Are Set

to Cut Output Again." New York Times on the Web 21 July 2001. 1 Aug.

2001. <http://www.nytimes.com/archives>.

 

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Online Review


Looking for History by Alma Guillermoprieto. The New York Times on the Web.

22 July 2001: 12 pars. 2 Sept. 2001. <http://www.nytimes.com/ archives>.

 

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Online Editorial


Labaton, Steven. "Head of S.E.C. Aims to Simplify Agency's Regulations."

Editorial. The New York Times on the Web 19 July 2001. 20 July 2001.

<http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/19/business/19CND-SECURE.html>.

 

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Online Letter to the Editor


Hatchl, Sidney: Letter. latimes.com 17 July 2001. 19 July 2001

<http://latimes.com/news/opinion/la00005853jul17. story?

coll=la%Dnews%2Dcomment%2Dopinions>.

 

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Online Interview


Lockwood, Anne Turnbaugh. "Community Collaboration and Social Capital:

An Interview with Gary G. Wehlage." Leaders for Tomorrow's Schools.

2 May 2001. 19 July 2001 <http://www.ncrel.org/cscd/pubs/lead21/2-1m.htm>.

 

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Online Posting to Listserv or Newsgroup


Fanderclai, Tari. "MOO Ports and Napster Lockdown." Online posting.

13 Sept. 2000. TechRhet Discussion List. 23 Oct. 2000

<http://www.egroups.com/ group/TechRhet>.

 

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Email

Lourey, Jessica. "The Articulation Agreement." Email to the author. 06 June 2000.

 

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Online Synchronous Communication (MOO, MUD, IRC, Chat, IM)

Nickv. "Web-based Writing Management." Computers and Writing 2000 Online

Session. 28 Mar. 2000. Connections MOO. 28 Mar. 2000

<telnet:connections.moo.mud.org_3333>.

 

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Publication on CD-ROM

 

Anderson, David, Robert Cavalier, and Preston K. Covey. A Right to Die:

The Dax Coward Case. CD-ROM. London: Routledge, 1996.

 

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© 1995-2004 The Write Place

LEO: Literacy Education Online

This page was written by Judith Kilborn for the Write Place, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, MN, and may be copied for educational purposes only. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writer; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers.

URL: http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/research/mlaelecmedia.html

Updated: 16 April 2004