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APA Unpublished Work and Publications of Limited Circulation


Examples of how to document the most common types of unpublished work and publications of limited circulation are illustrated in this document. However, you might need to use a reference for a source which is not listed on this document.

In such a case, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. (2001). (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Choose the example that is most like your source and follow that format.


Letters, Memos, and Personal Communications

Personal communications, including letters and memos, are considered nonrecoverable; data that is not recoverable is cited in the text only, not in the reference list. For more information, see APA In-Text (Parenthetical) Documentation, Treatment of Nonrecoverable Sources.

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Limited-circulation work

Richardson, R. A. (Ed.). (1991, Fall). The Chi Phi Chakett. (Available from

the National office of Chi Phi, 224 Lincoln Avenue, Lawrence, KS 43879)

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LEO: Literacy Education Online

This page was written by Kelly A. Larson and updated by Judith Kilborn for the Write Place, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota; it may be copied for educational purposes only. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writer; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers.

URL: http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/research/apaunpublished.html

Updated: 6 March 2004