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APA Documentation: Name and Year


The American Psychological Association Name and Year Documentation System is the form used by

Documentation, which includes both in-text and bibliographic citations, provides credit for sources used in research writing.

APA citations are found in two places:

  1. in-text (parenthetical) citations
  2. citations on the References page
The documentation guidelines provided below illustrate how to write References-page citations and follow the guidelines found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. (2001). (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; however, all examples were created by the designer of this document.

Be sure to find out the requirements of your university, department, or instructor for student papers. These requirements do take precedence over the requirements given in the APA Publication Manual.


  1. APA General Guidelines
  2. APA Parenthetical Documentation
  3. How do I document the following kinds of sources in an APA References list?


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LEO: Literacy Education Online

This page was written by Kelly A. Larson and updated by Judith Kilborn for the Write Place, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota; it may be copied for educational purposes only. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writer; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers.

URL: http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/research/apadocument.html

Updated: 16 March 2004