LEOLEO: Literacy Education Online

APA Audiovisual Media


Examples of how to document the most common types of audiovisual media are illustrated in this document. However, you might need to use a reference for a source which is not listed on this document.

In such a case, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. (2001). (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Choose the example that is most like your source and follow that format.


Audio recording

Tran, T. Q. (Speaker). (1986). Problems of freedom found in behavior modification

(Cassette Recording No. 9845). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Go to the top of the page


Motion picture

Perlmutter, A. H. (Producer), & Veeder, B. R. (Director). (1989). The public mind:

Image and reality in America [Motion picture]. (Available from WNET, 867

Rockefeller Plaza, New York, NY, 10021)

Go to the top of the page


Music recording

Gilmour, D. (1979). Comfortably Numb. On The wall [CD]. New York:

Columbia Records.

Go to the top of the page


Television broadcast

Haroldson, R. V. (Executive Producer). (1995, January 30). Star Trek Voyager.

Los Angeles: Universal Television Service.

Go to the top of the page


Return to the Write Place Catalogue


For questions and suggestions, please e-mail us at leolink@tigger.stcloudstate.edu.

© 1995-2004 The Write Place

LEO: Literacy Education Online

This page was written by Kelly A. Larson and updated by Judith Kilborn for the Write Place, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota; it may be copied for educational purposes only. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writers; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers.

URL: http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/research/apaavmedia.html

Updated: 6 March 2004